Figure skating is a sport in which individuals, pairs, or groups perform on figure skates on ice.
It was the first winter sport to be included in the Olympic Games, when contested at the 1908 Olympics in London.
It falls into the categories of-
Free skating singles
According to the ISU, a free skating program for men and women single skaters “consists of a well balanced program of Free Skating elements, such as jumps, spins, step sequences and other linking movements executed with minimal two-footed skating, in harmony with music of the competitor’s choice with maximum coverage of the ice rink.
Depending on the level of skating there may be a short program and a free skate which features a broader set of required elements as well as a maximum that can be performed.
Ice dance is a discipline of figure skating that historically draws from ballroom dancing. It joined the World Figure Skating Championships in 1952, and became a Winter Olympic Games medal sport in 1976. Ice dance (sometimes referred to as ice dancing) is a discipline of figure skating that historically draws from ballroom dancing with dances such as Tango’s, Foxtrot, Paso Doble and Waltz. There are set dance patterns, the compulsory dance as well as an original dance component.
Pair skating is a figure skating discipline defined by the International Skating Union (ISU) as “the skating of two persons in unison who perform their movements in such harmony with each other as to give the impression of genuine Pair Skating as compared with independent Single Skating”. It consists of elements such as throw jumps, pair spins and pairs lifts.
Synchronised skating began in the U.S. in 1956 when an organized group of skaters formed a team. The first synchronized skating competition was held 20 years later, and by 1984, the first U.S. national championships for the discipline were held.
Synchronized skating is a gender neutral sport where between eight and twenty figure skaters perform together as a team. They move as a flowing unit at high speed over the ice, while completing complicated footwork and elements.
There are varying skill levels-
Senior, Junior, Mixed Age, Advanced Novice, Basic Novice, Basic Adult, Advanced Adult, Juvenile.
Theatre on Ice
Ice Theatre (TOI) is a branch of figure skating that merges technical jumps and spins with unique choreography, ice dancing, pairs moves, synchronized skating, and theatre to tell a story or act out an emotion or idea. It is a relatively new branch of figure skating, but it is growing quickly.
The Annual International Theatre on Ice Competition was held in various US cities for fifteen years. It was sanctioned by U.S. Figure Skating and teams from around the world were welcome to attend. In 2008, at the 13th International Theatre on Ice Competition was held together with the 1st US National Theatre on Ice Competition.
The first worlds competition was held in Toulouse, France in April 2010 called the Nations Cup with almost 500 skaters from seven countries.